Apple Pro is a video format. Your first assumption may be that ProRes is about maintaining maximum detail and dynamic range in the footage – it does, but its most notable purpose is something else.
Such as Apple Pro, This is a format created for editing. Video editors can convert captured clips into ProRes (or its competitor Avid DNxHD) when importing into programs such as Apple Final Cut Pro, Adobe Premiere Pro, or Black Magic Design’s Divinity Resolution. Alternatively, you can record the process live with many cameras, using Outboard Recorder.
But why use ProRes? One reason is that it’s much easier on your computer’s CPU, which will result in a much smoother editing process than using H.264 or H.265 formats.
The interesting thing about ProRes is that there are rumors about Apple bringing its upcoming format. IPhone 13 Series, or maybe its iPhone 13 Pro and iPhone 13 Pro Max. What it means here and why it can be a big deal.
What is Apple Proz?
Apple introduced ProRes in 2007 as part of its Final Cut Pro 6 editing software. Sales at the time were “SD produces excellent HD quality in file size”.
This tells us about one of its main features. ProRes is a compressed format, but one that is intended to be “visually harmful.”
Although, ProRes is not the only thing. It is a family of six standards, from the space-saving ‘ProRes 422 Proxy’ to the ultra-high quality ‘ProRes 4444 XQ’.
Which of these six formats you would like to use depends on the quality of your image versus the file size / portability. However, if you use hardware that can record the process locally, you will be limited to what it supports. An Atomos Ninja V external recorder, for example, supports ProRes 422 LT, 422 and 422 HQ.
Below is a table of the process’s six criteria, for curious individuals, as well as how much space they save versus a compressed file. We used data from Apple’s ProRes white paper, published in 2020, based on recording at 1080p resolution 29.97fps.
What is the difference between 4: 4: 4 and 4: 2: 2? There are different ways to encode color. 4: 2: 2 ProRes simplifies color information, but is still 10-bit, offering enough redemption to avoid clear color banding in most cases. And as you can see from these statistics, even the highest quality ProRes files are still much smaller than compressed files.
|4: 2: 2.||Compressed 4: 2: 2 video.||1,326 Mbps.|
|4: 2: 2.||Apple Pro 422 headquarters||220 Mbps.|
|4: 2: 2.||Apple Pro 422||147 Mbps.|
|4: 2: 2.||Apple Pro 422 LT||102 Mbps.|
|4: 2: 2.||Apple Pro 422 Proxy.||45 Mbps.|
|4: 4: 4.||Compressed 4: 4: 4 video.||2237Mbps|
|4: 4: 4.||Apple Pro 4444 XQ.||500 Mbps.|
|4: 4: 4.||Apple Pro 4444.||330Mbps|
Why don’t you just use ProRes all the time? The H.264 or H.265 encoded clip is still too small, as these formats are designed to provide good image quality at low bit rates. And it’s the exact encoding style that makes them a bit of a pain and processor drain to work in an editing suite. If you have an old laptop, it can’t handle 4K H.265 playback easily.
You’ll use Process in the Editing / Production section of Process, before converting the final clip into something that people can play on their phones, or on their TVs via USB sticks – maybe an H.264 or H.265-encoded file. That said, YouTube actually supports ProRes 422.
Content creators can upload a ProRes file directly to YouTube, although it is about to expire in H.264 format when it goes through the platform’s compression winger.
Who uses Apple Proz?
Anyone who edits video in one of the industry standard suites, such as Final Cut Pro, Premier Pro or Da Vinci Resolution, has probably considered using at least Pro Race.
This is a practical, high quality format when working on a video project. If you have a camera that can shoot uncompressed raw video, you can. Think You want to use it. However, if you are dealing with high resolution capture and any real length, it will be chewed at an alarming rate by SSD space.
Using a 10-bit process is a good idea, even if your camera only shoots 8-bit video. First, your computer will handle it better than the files your camera throws out-and even if the original footage has only 8-bit color, the high color you edit Loyalty can be acted upon. This means smoother gradients, and less pronounced color banding.
Why would Pro be a big deal on iPhones?
If Apple really offers process support on the iPhone 13 Pro and iPhone 13 Pro Max, as rumored, it will make this video format more mainstream than ever.
ProRes may be common among people who make videos all the time, but it can be hard to keep your head around something that has a phone and start making funny, well-crafted social media videos. For example.
You don’t need expensive video editing software to use ProRes. iMovie has supported this since 2014 – unless it’s in an MXF (Material Exchange Format) container. This is a file extension that you will see at the end of the file name. ProRes video also comes in the more familiar ‘MOV’ format.
Apple isn’t really going to do anything technically important here. You can use the tools to transcode the iPhone 12’s MOV (H.264) and HEVC (H.265) into ProRe.s This will make it much easier to adopt best practices. . Removing an extra compression step can also prevent possible image degradation – it’s like recording a copy.
The adoption of ProZ will also be a sign of Apple’s confidence in the iPhone’s video output. Although its phone’s video quality isn’t as competitive as the pictures, the need to crank in at 30 or 60 frames per second limits how much computational work can be done to reduce the small sensor size limitations. ۔ Class video.
What about the Apple Pro Race?
We can’t talk about Pro without mentioning step by step, Pro Race. It was introduced in 2018, and provides ProRes-style compression for raw video capture. It’s the same concept: smaller files, relatively low CPU / GPU stress, and in this case, more easy to use than the alternative format of Cinema DNG. There are others, but they are made by camera makers to serve their cameras.
Pro Ross is the type of format you can use for video with a state-of-the-art mirror-equipped camera, or a dedicated video camera with an outboard recorder. Many Atomos recorders support ProRes Raw, including Ninja V. DJI’s Zenmuse X7 drone camera can also record locally in ProRes Raw. And as a result, the file sizes are actually comparable to the high-quality band of “non-raw” pros.
You do not need to use Final Cut Pro to work with ProRes Raw, as Adobe Premiere Pro supports it. At the time of writing, however, Da Vinci does not resolve.
The reason is obvious when you consider that DaVinci Resolve was created by Black Magic Design, which has created its own compressed raw video format, Black Magic RAW. This is a license free standard, unlike Pro Race. But from our point of view, as camera users whose choices are guided by the cameras we buy, this little war is not in our best interest.
However, DaVinci Resolve supports all versions of non-raw ProRes. Black may choose to support the Magic Pro race when the demand for this $ 299 suite exceeds the demand for its own compressed raw format.